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During the first half of IV century BC, the military and political centre of the Odryssaen state lay to the East of the lower reaches of the Hebros (the Maritsa river) and along the north littoral of the Propontis (the Marmara Sea). It was from this starting point that the Odryssae launched their war for an outlet to the sea on the territory of the Thracian Chersonesos (the Galipoli Peninsula). The frquent military and diplomatic campaigns of the Odryssae against Athens and its possessions were an eloquent proof that the Odryssaean state had become an important factor in the Balkan Peninsula in those days, carrying the germ of the crisis which preceded the Hellenistic Peroid.
In 359 BC the powerful Odryssaean ruler Kotys I was assassinated in a political plot inspired by Athens. During the same year Philip of Macedon began his intense activity which marked the beginning of the rise of Macedon.
Macedonian rule was maintained in Thrace, however, only in several fortified centres. Neither Philip, Alexander or his lieutenants in Thrace could thwart the independanet political life of the Odryssae and the other big thracian tribes.
All the basic historical procedsses of Early Hellinisum continued to develop in Thrace. It was only their social, economic, political and cultural centre that had shifted. During the last three decades of the IVth and early IIIrd century BC, The Odryssaean state was most comapact along the entire course of the Tonzos (the Toundja river) and the adjacent areas.
It is there that the traces of a well developed civilization may be seen. Seuthopolis, the city of Seuthes III, Kabyle and other cities along Tonzos were even larger.
The state union of Seuthes III was to all appearances the most powerful among the kingdoms of the thracian ddynastics courts. Relaying on a stable military organization, Seuthes III engaged in intensive political activity. His allies agains Alexander's lieutenants were Athena, the western Black Sea colonies and the kings and the cities in Asia Minor. Relations with Asia Minor were in their highest in that period, proofs having been provided by archeaological finds, among which is the famous Panagyrishte gold treasure, made in Lampsacus (i. Venedikov, Panagyrishte gold treasure, Sofia, 1962).
Convinced in the conditions prevailing at the edn of the IVth century BC, the Kazanluk tomb belongs to the Early Hellenistic Period in Thrace. There is no doubt that Kazanluk tomb was built during the reign of Seuthes III. These were decades of surpising progress for the whole Thrace, made possible by the develpoment of all the tribes, and especially the Odryssae.
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